Child Protection and Safeguarding Policy
Table of Contents
Child Protection and Safeguarding: Nord Anglia Education 2
1 Expectations 2
1.1 Context 2
1.2 Our values, principles and beliefs 2
1.3 What we will do 2
1.4 Training and Support 3
1.5 Co-ordination and Response 3
2 Code of Conduct 3
2.1 Staff and others must never: 3
2.2 It is important for all staff and others in contact with children to: 4
2.3 In general it is inappropriate to: 4
The British School, Warsaw, Child Protection Policy 5
1 Introduction 5
2 Aims and objectives 6
3 Staff responsibilities 6
4 Employment and recruitment 7
5 Procedure to be followed if an adult has concerns about a child 7
6 Physical restraint 7
7 Allegations against staff 7
8 Confidentiality 8
9 Monitoring and review 8
The British School Warsaw’s Safeguarding Team 9
ANNEX 1 REPORTING PROCEDURE 10
ANNEX 2 Recording Form for Safeguarding Concerns 12
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989), Article 19 states that children should be protected from all forms of violence and have the right to be protected from being hurt and mistreated, physically or mentally. It states:
Governments should ensure that children are properly cared for and protect them from violence, abuse and neglect by their parents, or anyone else who looks after them. http://www.unicef.org/crc/files/Rights_overview.pdf
This policy sets out common values, principles and beliefs adopted by The British School, Warsaw, and describes the steps that will be taken in meeting our commitment to protect children. These procedures provide internal guidance for Nord Anglia Education but it is up to individual schools to ensure they are applied within the legal framework of their host country. All our host countries are signatories to the Convention.
- All child abuse involves the abuse of children’s rights
- All children have equal rights to protection from abuse and exploitation
- The abuse of children is never acceptable
- We have a commitment to protecting children with/for whom we work.
We will meet our commitment to protect children from abuse through the following means:
Awareness: we will ensure that all staff and others associated with the school are aware of the problem of child abuse and the risks to children.
Prevention: we will ensure, through awareness and good practice, that staff and others minimise the risks to children.
Reporting: we will ensure that staff and others are clear what steps to take where concerns arise regarding the safety of children.
Responding: we will ensure that action is taken to support and protect children where concerns arise regarding possible abuse.
In order that the above standards of reporting and responding are met, the school and its employees will also ensure that they:
- take seriously any concerns raised
- take positive steps to ensure the protection of children who are the subject of any concerns
- support children, staff or other adults who raise concerns or who are the subject of concerns; and act appropriately and effectively in instigating or co-operating with any subsequent process of investigation
- are guided through the child protection process by the principle of ‘best interests of the child’
- listen to and takes seriously the views of children
- work in partnership with parents/carers and/or other professionals to ensure the protection of children.
The school will undertake to ensure that all staff:
- are familiar with, understand and abide by the Code of Conduct (see section 2)
- are provided, through training and support, with the necessary skills to recognise children who are at risk or potentially at risk
- fully understand the systems and frameworks through which concerns may be raised and addressed
- are aware of the mechanisms by which this policy and its associated procedures will be applied and monitored and where the levels of accountability lie.
Any person who works with children should be aware of the possibility that a vulnerable or ‘at risk’ child may choose them to be the first point of contact. It is therefore important that all employees are fully aware of the procedures and guidelines relating to reporting and investigation. In addition, we will appoint a designated senior staff member (Designated Safeguarding Lead) who will receive additional training so they may guide and support any employee through the reporting and responding process.
All staff must abide by this Code of Conduct.
- hit or otherwise physically assault or physically abuse children
- develop physical/sexual relationships with children
- develop relationships with children which could in any way be deemed exploitative or abusive
- act in ways that may be abusive or may place a child at risk of abuse
- use language, make suggestions or offer advice which is inappropriate, offensive or abusive
- behave physically in a manner which is inappropriate or sexually provocative
- have a child/children with whom they are working visit or stay at their home alone
- do things for children of a personal nature that they can do for themselves
- condone, or participate in, behaviour of children which is illegal, unsafe or abusive
- act in ways intended to shame, humiliate, belittle or degrade children, or otherwise perpetrate any form of emotional abuse
- discriminate against, show differential treatment, or favour particular children to the exclusion of others.
This is not an exhaustive or exclusive list. The principle is that staff should avoid actions or behaviour which may constitute poor practice or potentially abusive behaviour.
- be aware of situations which may present risks and manage these
- plan and organise the work and the workplace so as to minimise risks
- as far as possible, be visible to other adults when working with children
- ensure that a culture of openness exists to enable any issues or concerns to be raised and discussed
- ensure that a sense of accountability exists between staff so that poor practice or potentially abusive behaviour does not go unchallenged
- talk to children about their contact with staff or others and encourage them to raise any concerns
- empower children - discuss with them their rights, what is acceptable and unacceptable, and what they can do if there is a problem.
- spend excessive time alone with children away from others
- take children to your home where they will be alone with you.
1.1 The health, safety and welfare of all our children are of paramount importance to all the adults who work in the school. Our children have the right to protection, regardless of age, gender, race, culture or disability. They have a right to be safe in the school.
1.2 Child abuse takes a variety of forms:
- Physical abuse may involve the hitting, shaking or other treatment of a child that can cause actual bodily harm
- Emotional abuse is the persistent emotional ill-treatment of children, such as frightening them, or putting them in positions of danger. It is also an abuse to convey to children the feeling that they are worthless or unloved
- Sexual abuse involves forcing or enticing a child into sexual activities, whether or not the child is aware what is happening. This includes non-contact situations, such as showing children pornography
- Children are abused also if they are neglected. This could involve failure to provide proper food and warmth, but it might also be failure to see to the emotional well-being of the child
1.3 In this school, we respect the children. The atmosphere within school is one that encourages all children to do their best. Children are provided with opportunities that enable them to take and make decisions for themselves.
1.4 The school recognises that abuse and neglect can result in underachievement. We strive to ensure that all our children make good educational progress.
1.5 The teaching of personal, social and health education and citizenship, as part of the curriculum helps to develop appropriate attitudes in children, and makes them aware of the impact of their decisions on others. We also teach them how to recognise different risks in different situations, and how to behave in response to them.
2.1 The school aims are:
- to provide a safe environment for children to learn in
- to establish what actions the school can take to ensure that children remain safe at school
- to raise the awareness of all staff to these issues, and to define their roles and responsibilities in reporting possible cases of abuse
- to identify children who are suffering, or likely to suffer, significant harm
- to ensure effective communication between all staff on child protection issues
- to set down the correct procedures for those who encounter any issue of child protection.
3.1 It is the responsibility of the Principal to ensure all of the following:
- that the school leadership adopts appropriate policies and procedures to safeguard children in the school
- that these policies are implemented by all staff
- that sufficient resources and time are allocated for staff to carry out their responsibilities effectively
- that all staff and adult helpers in the school are able to voice their concern if they feel that a child is vulnerable, or that there are any particular practices that are unsafe.
3.2 There is at least one named person to act as the Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL) to support the Principal, who has prime responsibility for Child Protection and Safeguarding. Their role is guided by two principles:
- In accordance with the Children Act, the welfare of the child is always paramount
- Confidentiality should be respected as far as possible
A key role of the Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL) is to ensure that the school takes action to support any child who may be at risk. The DSL must also make sure that all staff, both, teaching and non-teaching, are aware of their responsibilities in relation to child protection.
3.3 All staff have a responsibility to report to the designated person any concern they have about the safety of any child in their care.
4.1 The school will do all it can to ensure that all those working with children in school are suitable people. This involves scrutinising applicants, verifying their identity and qualifications and obtaining references, as well as CRB (or equivalent) checks.
5.1 All adults in our school share responsibility for keeping our children safe. We may on occasion report concerns which prove to be unfounded.
5.2 If staff suspect that a child in their class may be a victim of abuse, they should not try to investigate, but should immediately inform the Designated Safeguarding Lead about their concerns. Abuse can be of a physical, sexual or emotional nature. It can also be the result of neglect. Staff must not keep to themselves any information about abuse which a child gives them. Where a student makes a spontaneous disclosure (which may be to any adult in school) it is important that the procedure at Annex 1 is followed.
5.3 If a child alleges abuse, the Principal must be informed immediately. The school will collate any evidence by obtaining statements from the victim, the accused and witnesses. The Principal will then contact those involved regarding the result and make the decision whether to take the matter further within the local legal framework.
6.1 There may be times when adults, in the course of their school duties, have to intervene physically in order to restrain children and prevent them from coming to harm. Such intervention will always be the minimum necessary to resolve the situation and must follow the guidance given in the most recent documents from the DFE http://www.education.gov.uk/aboutdfe/advice/f0077153/use-of-reasonable-force-advice-for-school-leaders-staff-and-governing-bodies
The Principal will require the adult(s) involved in any such incident to report the matter to him or her immediately.
7.1 If an allegation is made against a member of the school staff (or a volunteer helper), it will always be investigated by the Principal who will immediately inform HR, or, in the case of the allegation being against the Principal, by HR, The Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Operating Officer. If it is felt, after these initial investigations, that a further enquiry is needed, then the member of staff will be suspended. Suspension is a neutral act, and in no way implies that the person is guilty of any wrongdoing. However, it is acknowledged that this would be distressing for the person concerned, and the school will do all it can to balance the interests of any individual with that of the need to keep children safe. The school will seek advice from HR before acting and comply with national and locally agreed guidance.
8.1 The school will regard all information relating to individual child protection issues as confidential, and we treat it accordingly. Information will be passed on to appropriate persons only at the discretion of the Principal.
8.2 All records relating to child protection will be secured appropriately. Such information must not be held electronically.
9.1 The Deputy Director for Education will ensure that the school has a senior member of staff designated to take lead responsibility for dealing with child protection issues.
9.2 This policy is reviewed annually.
- Norah Buckley – Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL)
firstname.lastname@example.org Tel +48 784 523 252
email@example.com Tel +48 664 031 500 (emergency contact)
- Dr. Jacek Latkowski – Vice Principal
firstname.lastname@example.org (native Polish speaker)
- Alison Fox – Head of Secondary
- Jo Prabhu – Head of Primary
- Tamaryn Morris – Head of Early Years
- Kari Ellis – director of Pastoral Care
Action to take if as a member of staff you receive an allegation of, or yourself suspect, abuse of a child
- Stop and listen to what you are being told. Responding to an allegation or suspicion of abuse of a child immediately takes priority
- Take notes of what is said, as it is being said – if it is not possible to take notes at the time, make notes immediately afterwards. Keep the notes taken at the time, without amendment, omission or addition, whatever subsequent reports may be written
- Do not promise confidentiality or agree to “keep it a secret”. Action will have to be taken if you believe that any child is suffering, or is likely to suffer significant harm. Try to be clear to the child about what you think will happen next. You can assure the child or anyone else giving you information, that you will only tell those you have to tell to try to get the matter dealt with. You can and should express support for the child or person giving you information in getting the matter sorted out
- Avoid asking leading questions like “Did he do X to you?” but open questions like “Can you tell me what happened?” Ask only what you need to know to ascertain whether abuse may have taken place and be aware of cultural sensitivities. You do not need full details. Avoid expressing opinions beyond the facts. Leading questions and anything likely to suggest ideas or interpretations could damage subsequent investigations
- Consider whether a child now needs immediate protection (this decision should be taken by the Principal in consultation with the Designated Safeguarding Lead). Consider both the child who has told you of concerns, and any other child, in the light of what you have been told or suspect. Initiate or take the necessary temporary protective action – e.g. by staying with the child on site until satisfactory arrangements for the child are made. You can ask and take into account the child’s wishes about any immediate protection. You should aim to transfer protection of any child into the normally expected arrangements as soon as you are satisfied these are safe
- Decide whether the allegation or suspicion indicates that a child is suffering, or is likely to suffer, significant harm. The Principal/Designated Safeguarding Lead should consider whether:
- the allegation or suspicion appears to be seriously meant
- if true, it would constitute or seriously risk a child suffering, or being likely to suffer significant harm
- the actual or likely harm is of a sexual, physical, emotional or neglect nature, sufficient to affect the child’s normal physical, sexual, emotional, educational or social development
Remember, even if there are doubts and whether or not you personally believe it - the benefit of the doubt must always be in favour of making the report.
- Do not reveal details of the allegation or the identity of any individuals concerned in what you have been told or what you suspect – that may put a child at further risk. Child Protection issues should remain confidential to those designated as responsible for dealing with them. An individual member of staff who has heard a child’s disclosure may feel under pressure from colleagues to explain but should be aware they are under a contractual obligation to maintain the circle of trust
- Do not investigate the case yourself. Discuss the allegation or suspicion immediately with the Designated Safeguarding Lead (unless you are the subject of the allegation in which case refer to the Principal). They will determine next steps
- Ensure that a Recording Form for Safeguarding Concerns is completed
Action to take if, as a member of staff, you observe abuse whilst it is taking place in this school
You must do all you can to stop the abuse immediately without putting yourself or the person being physically, sexually or emotionally abused at further risk. Inform the perpetrator of your concerns. Advise them to stop the action immediately. Ask them to remove themselves from the area and to one without contact with children and young people. Advise them that you will immediately be informing the appropriate authorities.
- If they fail to desist – ring or call for help
- If they do desist, accompany the victim to a place of safety away from the perpetrator and leave them in the care of a responsible adult
- Inform the Principal immediately of the action you have taken and why. Inform them of the actions you now need to take in accordance with the above procedures.
ANNEX 2 Recording Form for Safeguarding Concerns
(Must be hand-written)
Name of student/person making the disclosure
Date of Birth
Tutor/ Form Group
Your name and position in school
Nature of Concern/ Disclosure
Remember to only record what was actually said. DO NOT add your own opinion
Was there an injury? Yes/ No Did you see it? Yes/ No
Describe the injury
Have you filled in a body plan to show where the injury is and its approximate size? Yes/ No
Was anyone else with you? Yes/ No
Where were you?
Has this happened before? Yes/ No
Did you report the previous incident? Yes/ No To whom? Date?
Who are you passing this information on to?
Name: Time: Date:
Your signature: Date: