A learner of English as an additional language (EAL) is a pupil whose first language is other than English:
'First language is the language to which the child was initially exposed during early development and continues to use this language in the home and community. If a child acquires English subsequent to early development then English is not their first language no matter how proficient in it they become.'
Does that sound like your child? For the vast majority of parents reading, your child would be considered an EAL learner at some level. Learners will be at different stages of English language acquisition (from complete beginner to advanced bilingual), but even those at the same stage of English language acquisition will have different backgrounds and needs. For example, they will have had different previous experiences of schooling before they came to NAIS. Some will be literate in other languages and might already have developed concepts in other subjects, such as science and mathematics, through another language. Others will have had little or no formal education and might not be literate in any language. Some will be gifted and talented; others will have learning difficulties and/ or disabilities.