Developmental steps enable students to sequentially build the knowledge and skills required to achieve a learning outcome or strand and to plot their own progress.
The developmental steps are the ‘what’: what are the students learning? The success criteria are the ‘how’: how do you as a teacher, and they as students, know when they have achieved it? Questions that we may ask ourselves when forming the success criteria are: ‘What does success look like?’
Students need to know if they have succeeded with the lesson. In some cases a teacher may decide to use an exemplar.
Success criteria need to be understood by students; a list written on the board is not sufficient in translating the expectations into students’ minds. In many cases the most effective success criteria include exemplars showing students what they are aiming for and what success looks like, this is an important factor in promoting student autonomy.