Anäis Legand is an ambassador in charge of the fight against HIV and contagious diseases, National Council of Ethics on Human Research. She leads the coordination of all partners (countries with a WHO office) to ensure primary needs as for a natural disaster.
First, she explained to us the different epidemics and pandemics that exist, their meaning, and the specific areas where they are located. Then she explained the Ebola virus, an infectious agent that causes human and other primates’ fevers. Dr. Legand was among the first to have treated and studied this virus directly in Africa in 2014. She explained to us the history of the virus, its transmission, its effects and its causes. This virus mainly affected West and Central Africa, because in some areas dead bodies were exposed in their native village and this contaminated the area by the fact that the with the virus infected body was cleaned and touched.
Then Dr. Legand explained the role of new technologies. Thanks to these advances, we now have vaccines for Ebola and also mobile laboratories, which did not exist a few years ago. There has also been progress in the fight against epidemics, thanks to vaccines, antivirus, antibiotics and stable hygiene, we were able to eradicate smallpox through an intensive program of immunization in 1980. For now, it is the only one disease has been eradicated but it will probably not be the last as Dr. Legand says.
Finally, the class of second Baccalaureate - scientific module warmly thanks Dr. Anäis Legand for her very important presentation for the survival of humanity.