Why do we teach phonics?
Phonics as a teaching method is a great way to learn to read as it simplifies the English language down into just 44 sounds. Children, therefore 'decode' words by breaking it down into it sounds rather than having to memorise 1,000's of words individually (much like I was taught in school).
Research shows that phonics, when taught correctly, is one of the most effective ways of teaching children to learn to read – this is backed up by our assessment data at NAIS Manila. Sounds are taught from easiest to hardest: single letter sounds first then moving on to two letters making a sound and so on. Learning phonics is one of the most important stepping-stones in early reading.
When children are familiar with the sounds that the letters make, they are able to use them when reading, to segment and blend words together.