The GCSEs (General Certificate of Secondary Education) are qualifications studied by children aged 14–16 within the English National Curriculum. Students study a wide range of subjects for two years, including coursework, before taking a standardised examination. IGCSEs (International GCSEs) are designed for students outside the UK. They are the equivalent of a standard GCSE and are recognised by UK institutions.
Note: NAE schools take examinations both with Pearson Edexcel, who use the new British system for grades (numbered 1-9) and Cambridge International Examinations, who continued to use the established A* to G grading. NAE uses the equivalence published by the British government to consolidate the figures.